Study Quizzes

Chapter 1: Microbiology: Then and Now

1: Bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance are two challenges facing microbiology today.
True
False
2: Joseph Lister was the first to use antisepsis in surgery.
True
False
3: Koch's postulates provide a way of relating a specific microorganism to a specific disease.
True
False
4: Pasteurization is a method of destroying pathogenic bacterial cells in human tissue.
True
False
5: Leeuwenhoek's microscopes allowed him to see protozoal but not bacterial cells.
True
False
6: One reason Pasteur could not prove the germ theory was because he could not prepare a pure culture of bacterial cells.
True
False
7: Semmelweis is remembered as one who traced the source of a cholera outbreak in London.
True
False
8: The miasma idea suggested that an altered chemical quality of the atmosphere transmits disease.
True
False
9: The swan-neck experiment of Pasteur refuted the germ theory of disease.
True
False
10: The study of microbial evolution has generated a new phylogenetic tree of life.
True
False
11: Microbiology includes which of the following groups of microorganisms?
bacteria
fungi
algae
protozoa
all the above
12: Which of the following early natural philosophers coined the term cells?
Lister
Koch
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
13: Which of the following surgeons stopped a cholera epidemic in London by removing the pump handle of a contaminated pump?
Lister
Snow
Koch
Pasteur
14: Which early physician used vaccination with the mild cowpox to prevent the deadly smallpox?
Jenner
Snow
Lister
Semmelweis
15: One of the reasons Koch was able to show the cause of disease was that he could grow them
in a pure culture
in an animal host
in a tissue culture
in chicken eggs
16: Which of the following scientists came up with the first vaccine for rabies?
Koch
Pasteur
Lister
Snow
17: Ivanowsky, Beijerinck and Reed all began studies with particles smaller than the filters they were working with. This began the study of _____.
measles
viruses
prions
bacteria
18: Which classification would include prokaryote cells that live in extreme conditions like hot springs and the Dead sea?
Bacteria
Fungi
Viruses
Archaea
19: Which group includes single celled protozoa and algae?
Bacteria
Archaea
Fungi
Protista
20: Hershey and Chase used a virus to show that ______ is the genetic material in cells.
DNA
RNA
Protein
Ribosomes
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